New National liberation struggle in Vardar Macedonia 1944 - 1991



Ass. prof. Dr Dimitar Gotsev 

Sofia 1999 

   The work is dedicated to the Bulgarians living in Vardar Macedonia after 1944. Within the boundaries of Serbo-communist Yugoslavia, they are treated as “Macedonians” with a fabricated history and language. The intellectuals in Vardar Macedonia resist against the return of the Great Serbian chauvinism, and oppose against the persecution of Bulgarian nationality by repressions, prisons, detention camps etc. The work offers a lot of information and is addressed to experts, politicians, diplomats and a wide circle of readers. 

Dimitar Georgiev Gotsev, autor, 1999 
Macedonian Scientific Institute - Sofia,edition, 1999 
Jeko Alexiev Alexiev, cover, designer, 
1999 ISBN 954-8187-42-6 


   The events, that have been taking place in Vardar Macedonia since 1944, where the pan-Serbian communists put out of the law the Bulgarian nationality, language and history, out of the law as well as the aspirations of the local intelligentsia to defend them even at the cost of the life, are an extremely important scientific and political problem. The main aim of this study is to take a fleeting look at those tragic events, which are of fatal importance to several generations of Bulgarians, left on their own for several decades (since 1944), to defend the Bulgarian name and language, the Bulgarian history and national-cultural identity of Macedonia, and to a certain extent the whole Bulgarian spirit. The dramatic pages, dedicated to the heroism and selfsacrifice of the intelligentsia in Macedonia, standing, after 1944, in the lead of the fight against the pan-Serbian communist oppression of the Bulgarian population in Macedonia, must become public knowledge not only to the Bulgarian but also to the international public consciousness. The research study is based completely on original sources. Predominantly, the documental notes of the most notorious participants in the new struggle have been used. Facts from the press, concerning the mentioned events, as well as the published abroad and at home documental memoires have also been used. The present study (which is part of a bigger investigation) is a colourless reflaction of the victims given and the tragedy, lived through by the Bulgarians in Vardar Macedonia under the Serbocommunist regime during the period examined. 

  After the new return of the pan-Serbian chauvinists to Vardar Macedonia, in October and November of 1944, in spite of having status of a “federal unit” in the newly created Yugoslav federation, the region, again becomes a valley of tears, blood and death. In order to force the Bulgarian population to resign to the externally imposed pan-Serbian communist decision about Vardar Macedonia, the new authorities, headed by Svetozar Voukmanovitch-Tempo, Lazar Koulishevski, Alexander Rankovitch and others, undertake mass repressions and assassinations of the eminent and open-minded patriots in Macedonia, proclaiming them for “pan-Bulgarian chauvinists”, “fascists”, “Michailovists”, “IMRO-ists” etc., all “mortal sins”, for which the pan-Serbian chauvunists and their servants in Macedonia pеrsecute and murder. 

Only in 1945 and 1946, with or without any sentence there have been executed or have dissappeared without trace more than 4700 Bulgarians. There are mass murders in Prilep, Bitolya, Veles, Koumanovo, Shtip, the villages around Malashevtsi, Kavadartsi and in other places. At the same time, more than 15 000 are arrested, accused as “collaborators to the Bulgarian occupator”, of “insulting the Macedonian honour” and working against the unity of new Yugoslavia. They are, in fact, thousands of Macedonian patriots, who openly confront the return of Vardar Macedonia, no matter the form, to Serbian Yugoslavia. 

They do not accept the Macedonian name to be confronted with the Bulgarian essence of Macedonia, nor to cultivate hatred and detestation to Bulgaria, as a principal criterion of “Macedonian” patriotism...

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